Federalism, Quasi-federalism, Co-operative federalism, Government of India Act 1935, Supremacy of the Constitution.
25 February 2021
Federalism is a dynamic theory of nation and state building. It is primarily a theory about institutionalized political co-operation and collective co-existence. As a theory of nation-building, federalism seeks to define state and society relationship in such manner as to allow autonomy of identity of societies and also secures constitutionally mandated political institution. This factor made Federalism popular. In modern times especially in the mid-sixties well over half the nations of the world came to be governed through federal institutions. India till 1919 was a unitary nation. But after the enactment of Government of India Act 1935, India assumed the federal polity. However, this did not work efficiently owing to the national movement. After the independence the provisions of 1935 Act relating to federalism were incorporated into the Constitution of India with certain modifications. The present article aims at understanding Federalism as incorporated under Indian Constitution and its working.
SALR Article No. 12